Three out of four American adults are affected by gum disease, the leading cause of tooth loss in adults. Periodontal therapy focuses on restoring health to the gums and treating the signs and symptoms of gum disease. Health gums is the key to a healthy mouth and healthy body. Gum disease not only affects the mouth and teeth, but can contribute to other health problems such as heart disease and diabetes.
Gum disease can be prevented through routine oral care that includes daily at home care as well as regular, professional cleanings.
Causes of Gum Disease:
- Poor hygiene, lack of routine oral care
- Smoking or tobacco use
- Genetic factors
- Pregnancy and hormonal changes in women
- Grinding or clenching of teeth
- Poor nutrition, obesity or disease such as diabetes
Gum disease is considered a “silent” disease, where many patients do not exhibit signs or symptoms until advanced stages of the disease. Routine care is critical to identifying these early symptoms and signs.
Symptoms of Gum Disease:
- Red, swollen or sore gums
- Bleeding when brushing, flossing or eating
- Receding gums
- Chipped, cracked or loose teeth
- Pus between gums and teeth
- Sores in the mouth
- Bad breath
- Changes in the bite, may notice difference in the fit of dentures
Periodontal therapy, or treatment for gum disease, varies depending on the specific case. Many patients can be treated with mild periodontal therapy that includes a deep cleaning of the gum pockets to remove debris. For more severe cases, surgical treatment may be required.
Schedule an appointment with SCM Dental for a comprehensive evaluation where we will check for signs of gum disease.